Pigmentation is the color in your skin produced by melanin, a natural pigment that also determines eye and hair color. However, if too much melanin is produced in one area, the result is a brown patch on your skin. Too much melanin can result from:
- Sun exposure
- Heredity or congenital factors
Common pigmented lesions include:
- Age Spots or “Liver” Spots: Smaller darkened patches usually on older adults who have been exposed to the sun for many years. These spots can be seen on the face, forearms and backs of hands.
- Post-inflammatory Hyper-Pigmentation: This type of hyper-pigmentation results from any inflammatory injury or trauma to the skin. For example, acne often leaves dark discoloration after a blemish heals. Rashes like psoriasis and eczema often darken the skin as well.
Pigmented lesions can vary in size, shape and depth. Some are no bigger than a fingertip or even a pinhead, while others may be as large as a hand and occur in
conspicuous places such as the face, neck or arms. They can be either raised or flat and are usually a cosmetic rather than a medical concern. However, all pigmented lesions need to be looked at prior to treatment to confirm. During your consultation we will determine if your pigmented lesions are safe to treat.